Explore Kabaddi: Rules, History, How to Play And Betting With 22Bet

Have you ever witnessed the electrifying energy of a Kabaddi match? The strategic intensity, the adrenaline-pumping raids, and the unwavering focus of the athletes make Kabaddi a truly unique and captivating sport. This guide of 22Bet1 in is your one-stop resource to understanding everything about Kabaddi, from its ancient origins to the modern-day rules and gameplay.

Understanding Kabaddi

what is kabaddi

What is Kabaddi?

Kabaddi is a popular team sport with ancient roots in India. It is characterized by its blend of elements from wrestling and rugby, demanding exceptional physical fitness, strategic thinking, and mental fortitude. 

Kabaddi, often referred to as the “game of struggle,” involves two teams of seven players each, competing to dominate the opponent’s territory. The objective is for a “raider” from one team to enter the opposing team’s half, tag as many opponents as possible, and return to their side before running out of breath, all while chanting “kabaddi” to prove continuity.

Here’s a closer look at the essence of Kabaddi:

  • Teams and Players: Two teams of seven players each compete on a rectangular mat, divided by a centerline. Each team occupies one half of the court throughout the game.
  • The Objective: The core objective of Kabaddi is for a designated raider from the attacking team to cross into the opposing territory, tag as many defenders as possible while holding their breath, and return safely to their side to score points.
  • Raiding and Defense: The raider ventures into the opposition’s half, strategically maneuvering to touch (tag) defenders. Defenders, on the other hand, attempt to restrain or tackle the raider to prevent them from scoring.
  • Breath Control: A crucial aspect of Kabaddi is the raider’s ability to hold their breath for extended periods. Chanting “kabaddi” continuously serves as a way for the raider to signal they are still holding their breath and within the legal timeframe of the raid.

The differences between Kabaddi and Rugby

While Kabaddi may appear superficially similar to sports like rugby, key distinctions set it apart:

  • Limited Contact: Unlike rugby, Kabaddi enforces stricter limitations on physical contact. Defenders can only tackle or restrain the raider within the designated raiding area and cannot make any contact above the shoulders or below the knees.
  • Emphasis on Breath Control: The ability to hold your breath plays a vital role in Kabaddi, adding a unique strategic dimension to the raiding aspect of the game.
  • Shorter Game Duration: Kabaddi matches typically consist of two 20-minute halves, making it a faster-paced and action-packed sport compared to rugby.

How to Play Kabaddi

kabaddi how to play

Rules of Kabaddi

The playing field in Kabaddi is a rectangular mat measuring 13 meters by 10 meters, divided by a centerline. Each team occupies one half of the court. A key element of the game is the “raid,” where a designated player from the attacking team, known as the “raider,” ventures into the opposing territory to tag as many defenders as possible while holding their breath.

Each successful tag earns a point for the attacking team. Defenders can tackle or restrain the raider to prevent them from returning to their side safely.

Here’s a breakdown of the detailed rules in Kabaddi:

  • Team Composition: Two teams of seven players each participate, with only seven players on the court at a time. Teams also have substitutes who can replace players during the game.
  • Objective: The primary objective in Kabaddi is for a designated player from the attacking team, known as the “raider,” to cross into the opposing territory, tag as many defenders as possible while holding their breath, and return safely to their side to score points.
  • Raiding: Raiding is the heart of Kabaddi gameplay. The raider enters the opposing territory and attempts to strategically touch (tag) defenders. Defenders can tackle or restrain the raider within the designated raiding area to prevent them from scoring.
  • Holding Breath: A unique aspect of Kabaddi is the emphasis on breath control. Raiders must continuously chant “kabaddi” to prove they are holding their breath while in the opposing territory. Once they stop chanting or inhale, the raid is declared unsuccessful.
  • Scoring: Each successful raid where the raider returns safely to their side after tagging defenders earns a point for their team. Additional points can be earned through various means, like:
    • Dubki: A raider successfully returning after touching a defender and reviving a teammate who was previously tagged out.
    • Super Raid: A special raid where the raider attempts to tag all defenders on the opposing team in a single raid, potentially earning multiple points.
  • Out-of-Bounds: If the raider steps outside the designated raiding area or any part of their body touches the centerline while attempting to return, the raid is unsuccessful.
  • Technicalities: Various technical rules govern fouls, time-outs, and player substitutions to maintain fair play and adherence to the established guidelines.

Kabaddi – A Popular Sport with a Rich History

Kabaddi, a game deeply rooted in Indian culture, has evolved into a globally recognized sport with a rich history spanning centuries. Originating in ancient India, kabaddi’s popularity has surged, captivating audiences with its unique blend of strategy, athleticism, and tradition.

Historical Origins

The origins of kabaddi can be traced back to ancient Indian scriptures and folklore, where it was initially played as a form of exercise and entertainment. Over time, kabaddi evolved into a structured sport, gaining prominence in regional competitions and festivals across India.

Evolution and Modernization

With the establishment of formal rules and regulations, kabaddi underwent a transformation from a traditional pastime to a professional sport. Organizations like the All India Kabaddi Federation played a pivotal role in standardizing the game and promoting its growth nationwide.

Global Reach and Recognition

In recent decades, kabaddi has transcended cultural boundaries, captivating audiences worldwide with its fast-paced action and competitive spirit. International tournaments such as the Kabaddi World Cup and the Pro Kabaddi League have showcased the sport’s appeal on a global stage, attracting players and fans from diverse backgrounds.

Embracing Innovation

While kabaddi remains deeply rooted in tradition, it has embraced innovation to stay relevant in the modern era. From advancements in training techniques to the introduction of technology in officiating, the sport continues to evolve while preserving its core values and heritage.

Kabaddi Tournaments and Leagues

Kabaddi has gained immense popularity in recent years, with professional leagues and tournaments attracting a passionate fan base. The Pro Kabaddi League (PKL) in India is one of the most renowned Kabaddi competitions, featuring top athletes from across the country and even internationally. The Kabaddi World Cup is another major event where national teams compete for ultimate Kabaddi glory. 

Pro Kabaddi League (PKL)

kabaddi national championships

Widely recognized as the premier Kabaddi competition globally, the PKL is a professional league in India featuring franchise-based teams.

The high-octane matches, coupled with a well-structured format, have garnered immense popularity in India, making it the second most-watched sports league in the country after the Indian Premier League (IPL)

National Championships

kabaddi national championships
kabaddi national championships

Many Kabaddi-playing nations host their own national championships, often serving as qualifying grounds for international tournaments. These competitions play a vital role in promoting Kabaddi at the grassroots level and identifying promising talent.

Federation Cup

This popular Indian tournament features the top eight teams from the national championship, battling it out for the coveted Federation Cup title. The fast-paced matches and high stakes make it a thrilling event for Kabaddi fans across the nation

Kabaddi World Cup

kabaddi world cup
kabaddi world cup

The Kabaddi World Cup is an international Kabaddi tournament sanctioned by the International Kabaddi Federation (IKF). It features teams from around the world competing for the coveted title of world champions. The tournament showcases the global appeal of kabaddi and fosters camaraderie among nations through sport.

Asian Kabaddi Championships 

The Asian Kabaddi Championships serve as a battleground for Asian nations to vie for supremacy in the sport. Held biennially, this prestigious event brings together top kabaddi teams from across the continent, highlighting the rich tradition and competitiveness of Asian kabaddi.

These high-profile tournaments have significantly contributed to the sport’s global reach and recognition.


Kabaddi is a dynamic sport that blends physical prowess with strategic thinking, making it an enthralling experience for both players and spectators. Whether you’re a curious newcomer or a seasoned enthusiast, this guide has equipped you with a comprehensive understanding of Kabaddi’s rules, history, and gameplay.

So, the next time you encounter a Kabaddi match, immerse yourself in the excitement and appreciate the unique blend of athleticism and strategy that unfolds on the court.


Kabaddi is a dynamic and exciting contact sport with ancient roots in India. It involves two teams of seven players each, where raiders from one team venture into the opposing territory to tag as many defenders as possible while holding their breath. Each successful tag earns points for the raiding team

Rahul Chaudhari, दीपक Hooda, Pawan Sehrawat are some renowned Kabaddi athletes.

Kabaddi offers a full-body workout, improving cardiovascular health, agility, and overall fitness. It also fosters teamwork, strategic thinking, and mental focus.

The Pro Kabaddi League (PKL) in India is the most popular Kabaddi league globally, followed by international tournaments like the Kabaddi Masters.

While not currently an Olympic sport, Kabaddi has been featured in the Asian Games since 1982, showcasing its growing international recognition.

Depending on your location, Kabaddi matches can be viewed on various sports channels or streaming platforms that broadcast sporting events. National and international Kabaddi tournaments often have their own dedicated channels or online streaming services.